On Metacognitive Presuppositions
It is my belief that lying underneath so much of our dialogue there are differing concepts the participants are holding. I think most people are constantly talking past each other.
I think there are some basic conceptual ways of thinking about things that need to be made explicit.
Discrete Concept vs. continuum
One can think about things in terms of individual discrete concepts or one can think of things in terms of a continuum. Often times we might be in line with thinking in terms of a continuum but each person will draw a line demarcating the distinction of things on one side from the other in completely different places. This might very well be due to our past experiences, our feelings (for example: fear), our definitions of things, our understanding of how things hang together; in short, that the whole force of our world understanding causes us to draw the line where we do. This makes getting people to agree with where you draw the line practically impossible, assuming it is even possible to communicate precisely where you draw a line, or even that a person would be aware of where they draw it themselves.
Analytic vs. Synthetic
This is a continuum
Singularity vs. Relativity
Presence vs. Absence
Similarity vs. Difference
Positive vs. Negative