Famous Western Philosophers

This is a page dedicated to famous Western philosophers throughout history. Please keep in mind that the information here is in no way supposed to be exhaustive, it is merely a brief introduction. There are many links and names that I have not written anything on, and I don't think I will ever have the time to write on like I would like to. I must also say that I am not a historian, a classicist, nor do I have much formal education in philosophy, and I was not very critical in including much of the information here, so the readers should always view the information in that context. The philosophers are listed in an approximate chronological order.

Ancient Philosophers

Middle Ages & Renaissance

  • Alkindus (c. 801 - c. 873)
  • Farabi (c. 872 – c. 950)
  • Ibn Maskawaih (?)
  • Alhacen (965–1039)
  • Avicenna (c. 980 – 1037)
  • Michael Psellus (c. 1017 - after 1078)
  • Saint Anselm (1033 – April 21, 1109)
  • Gazali (1058 - 1111)
  • Abelard (1079 – April 21, 1142)
  • Avempace (1095 - 1138)
  • Abubacer (c. 1105 – 1185)
  • Averroes (1126 – December 10, 1198)
  • Maimonides (March 30, 1135 - December 13, 1204)
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225 – 7 March 1274)
  • Dante Alighieri (May 14/June 13, 1265 – September 13/14, 1321)
  • John Duns Scotus (c. 1266 – November 8, 1308)
  • Ibn Khaldun (May 27, 1332 – March 19, 1406)
  • Plethon (c. 1355 - 1452)
  • Niccolo Machiavelli (May 3, 1469 – June 21, 1527)
  • Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535)
  • Erasmus (October 27, 1466/1469 – July 12, 1536)
  • Michel De Montaigne (February 28, 1533–September 13, 1592)
  • Francis Bacon (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626)
  • Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642)

Modern Philosophers

  • Rene Descartes (March 31, 1596 – February 11, 1650)
  • Elisabeth of Bohemia (26 December 1618 – 11 February 1680)
  • Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679)
  • Blaise Pascal (June 19, 1623 – August 19, 1662)
  • Nicolas Malebranche (August 6, 1638 – October 13, 1715)
  • Baruch Spinoza (November 24, 1632 – February 21, 1677)
  • Gottfried Wilhelm Von Leibniz (July 1, 1646 – November 14, 1716)
  • Isaac Newton (January 4, 1643 – March 31, 1727)
  • John Locke (August 29, 1632 – October 28, 1704)
  • Catherine Cockburn (16 August 1679 - 11 May 1749)
  • George Berkeley (12 March 1685 – 14 January 1753),
  • Christian Wolff (January 24, 1679 - April 9, 1754)
  • Charles-Louis de Secondat Montesquieu (January 18, 1689 – February 10, 1755)
  • David Hume (April 26, 1711 – August 25, 1776)
  • Thomas Reid (April 26, 1710 – October 7, 1796)
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau (June 28, 1712 – July 2, 1778)
  • Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804)
  • Mary Wollstonecraft (27 April 1759 – 10 September 1797)
  • Anne Louise Germaine de Staλl-Holstein (April 22, 1766 – July 14, 1817)
  • Johann Gottlieb Fichte (May 19, 1762 – January 27, 1814)
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (January 27, 1775 – August 20, 1854)
  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831)
  • Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860)
  • Auguste Comte (January 17, 1798 – September 5, 1857)
  • Karl Marx (May 5, 1818 – March 14, 1883)
  • Jeremy Bentham (February 15, 1748–June 6, 1832)
  • John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873)
  • Harriet Taylor (1807 – 1858)
  • Herbert Spencer(April 27, 1820 – December 8, 1903)
  • Ernst Mach (February 18, 1838 – February 19, 1916)
  • Francis Herbert Bradley (30 January 1846 – 18 September 1924)
  • Freidrich Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900)
  • Gottlob Frege (8 November, 1848 – 26 July, 1925)
  • William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910)
  • Georg Cantor (March 3, 1845[1] – January 6, 1918)
  • Henri Bergson (October 18, 1859–January 4, 1941)
  • Alfred North Whitehead (February 15, 1861 – December 30, 1947)
  • Edmund Husserl (April 8, 1859 – April 26, 1938)
  • George Santayana (December 16, 1863 – September 26, 1952)
  • Bertrand Russell (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970)
  • George Edward Moore (November 4, 1873 – October 24, 1958)
  • John Dewey (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952)
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein (April 26, 1889 – April 29, 1951)
  • Alfred Jules Ayer (October 29, 1910 – June 27, 1989)
  • Kurt Godel (April 28, 1906 – January 14, 1978)
  • Martin Heidegger (September 26, 1889 – May 26, 1976)
  • Hans-Georg Gadamer (February 11, 1900 – March 13, 2002)
  • Jean Paul Sartre (June 21, 1905 – April 15, 1980)
  • Maurice Merleau-Ponty (March 14, 1908 – May 4, 1961)
  • Albert Camus (November 7, 1913 – January 4, 1960)
  • Willard Van Orman Quine (June 25, 1908 – December 25, 2000)
  • John Rawls (February 21, 1921 – November 24, 2002)
  • Donald Davidson (March 6, 1917 – August 30, 2003)
  • Robert Nozick (November 16, 1938 – January 23, 2002)
  • John Searle (born on July 31, 1932)
  • Saul Kripke (born on November 13, 1940)

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