Gorgias


pg. 46 For, seeing that Greece was divided against itself, he came forward as the advocate of reconciliation and tried to turn their energies against the barbarians and to persuade them not to regard one another's cities as the prize to be won by their arms, but rather the land of the barbarians.

pg. 46 For though he incited the Athenians against the Medes and Persians, and was arguing with the same purpose as in the Olympian Oration, he said nothing about harmony with the rest of the Greeks, for the reason that it was addressed to the Athenians, who had a passion for empire, which could not be attained without a policy of aggression. But he dealt at length on their victories over the Medes, and praised them for these, thus indicating to them that victories over barbarians call for hymns of praise, but victories over Greeks for dirges.

pg. 47 Prodicus of Ceos had composed a certain pleasant fable in which Virtue and Vice came to Heracles in the shape of women, one of them dressed in seductive and many-colored attire, the other with no care for effect; and to Heracles, who was still young, Vice offered idleness and sensuous pleasures, while Virtue offered squalor and hard labor. This story Prodicus elaborated upon with some length, and then toured the cities and gave recitations of it for a fee, and charmed them after the manner of Orpheus and Thamyras. For these recitations he won a great reputation at Thebes and a still greater at Sparta, as one who benefited the young by teaching this fable.

pg. 54 I have never done anything for the sake of pleasure. - Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae XII 548CD = A11

The fact that I have never yet done anything for the sake of my gut. - Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae XII 548CD = A11

They say that when he was asked the reason for his prolonged old age and health with all his faculties, he said it was because he had never allowed himself to be dragged around to other people's parties. - Lucian, On Long-Lived Men 23 = A13

pg. 54 He had no fixed domecile in any city and therefore paid out nothing 1,000

pg. 55 He has given you a disposition accustomed to fearless and magnificent answers, whatever anyone might ask you, just as would be reasonable for those who do have knowledge; and this is because he offers himself to any Greek who wishes to ask him any question they like, and there is nobody to whom he declines to answer. - Plato, Meno 70AB = A19

pg. 59 If you want to know what virtue is for a man, it's easy to say that this is virtue for a man: to be adequate in civic affairs; to treat one's friends well, but one's enemies badly; and to be careful not to suffer any such thing oneself. But if you want to know virtue for a woman, it's not hard to explain that she must manage the household well, protecting its contents, and being obedient to her husband. And there is another virtue for a child, and for female, and for male, and for older men, and, if you want, both for a free man and for a slave. And there are all sorts of other virtues; so that, concerning virtues, it's not a problem to say what it is. For, in each activity and age, for each of us in regards to each task, there is a virtue. And I think that the same is also true of vice. - Plato, Meno 71B-72A

pg. 60 a modest silence is a woman's crown. - Aristotle, Politics I 13, 1260a24-8

pg. 61 Do you think that they do teach virtue - an offer which they alone make? Menon: In that regard, Socrates, I really admire Gorgias, as you would never hear him promising this [i.e. moral excellence], and he makes fun of others when he hears them promise it. Instead, he thinks that they should make people skilled at speaking. - Plato, Meno 95C=A21

pg. 62 it has all the ... wanted to be.

pg. 63 Many times I istened to Gorgias saying repeatedly that the art of persuasion greatly excels all the others. For it brings all things under its dominion, willingly and not by force, and it is by far the best of all the arts. - Plato, Philebus 5BA

pg. 63 But we won't rouse from their slumbers Teisias and Gorgias, who realized that probability deserves more respect than truth, who could make trifles seem important and important points trifles by the force of their language, who dressed up novelties as antiques and vice versa, and discovered how to argue concisely or at interminable length about anything and everything. - Plato, Phaedrus 267AB = A26

pg. 64 Gorgias did this as well, when he wrote in praise or criticism of particular things, since he considered that the most appropriate function of rhetoric was to be able to magnify something by praising it, and to bring it back down again by blaming it. - Cicero, Brutus 46-7

pg. 76 The adornment ... not rightly;

pg. 78 For it is ... follow.

pg. 79 Speech is a ...pity.

pg. 80 There come upon ...

pg. 97 Being is ... by being.

pg. 82 When enemy ... hard to care.

pg. 81 For the mode ... evil persuasion. pg. 82

pg. 82 For the things we ... what is said.

pg. 83 So it is natural ... many people.

pg. 84 Prosecution ... have no power.

pg. 85 But if he ... of men.

pg. 85 For an unsupported ... solutions.

pg. 87 As for slaves ... necessity.

pg. 87 For no one ... wickedness.

pg. 88 But to believe ... the best?

pg. 88 Now someone ... truth lies.

For honors ... wickedness.

Nor, furthermore ... get it back pg. 89

It is worth while ... allegations.

pg. 90 For the ... witness.

It follows ... I am not wise.

pg. 91 To you ... pleasant task.

pg. 92 instead ... the latter.

pg. 92 I do not ... wealth.

pg. 92 And you in your ... rests with you.

pg. 94 For these men ... not immortal.

pg. 96 Cimon acquired money in order to make use of it, and he made use of it in order to gain honor. - Plutarch, Life of cimon 10

pg. 96 foul was the deed you sowed, and evil the harvest you reaped. - Aristotle, Rhetoric III 3, 1406b5-II

pg. 97 Being is obscure if it is not graced by seeming, and seeming is feeble if it is not graced by being. - Proclus, Commentary on Hesiod, 758

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